Baking, Breakfast

Chocolate and Chilli Rusks

I know what you are probably thinking – rusks? Isn’t that baby food?


If you’re South African, or have ever travelled or met anyone from there you will probably have come across these.

Rusks are a hard biscuit (beskuit) which is similar to biscotti. Round balls of dough are closely packed in pans and baked like bread, then long chunks are cut or broken off and slowly re-baked to a dry consistency. They originated from the Eastern Cape in the early 1900’s, and were popular because they lasted a long time and could be stored easily. The story behind how they came about can be found herehere and here.

What was once a basic staple for survival is now one of South Africa’s most popular treats. They are eaten as an accompaniment to tea or coffee and come in a variety of shapes, sizes and flavours.

I decided to start making them because my husband was craving something to eat with his coffee when he was studying late at night without digging through the cupboards or fridge for a sugary fix.

This recipe is one that I’ve thrown together myself, so I’m not teaching you how to make rusks the authentic South African way. Making them properly requires dedication and more importantly time. This is my my cheat version which produces similar results but in half the time. The actual recipe sits about half-way between rusks and biscotti. If you want to give the traditional way a try I can recommend this recipe I found on SApeople and this one from Woolworths (yep, they have Woolies out there too, but it’s more like M&S).

You can make rusks as ‘healthy’ or gourmet as you like – from adding a mix of seeds, dried fruits and nuts to chocolate and caramel, there are no rules.



  • 50g butter
  • 100ml milk
  • 50g sugar
  • 1 egg
  • 250g self raising flour
  • 1 tsp baking powder
  • 1 tsp bicarbonate soda
  • 10g dark chocolate
  • 1 tsp dried chilli seeds
  • 20g sesame seeds


  1. Preheat oven to 180 C

  2. In a measuring jug, place the butter, milk and sugar together and microwave for 1-2 minutes until the butter is melted. Add the egg, whisk together and set aside.

  3. In a mixing bowl sift the flour and raising agents together.

  4. Add flavouring (chocolate, chilli and seeds)

  5. Make a well in the middle and add the egg mixture in slowly, stirring with your hands until a dough is formed. It should hold together reasonably well and not be too sticky.

  6. Roll the dough out onto a floured surface and knead for about 1 minute then fold onto a thick rectangle.
    Tip: the best way to do this is to roll it into an oblong as if you were making a baguette then flatten it down halfway using a rolling pin.

  7. Using a sharp knife cut the dough into rectangles and place in a greased baking tray. Leave enough space in between for when they rise

  8. Bake in the oven for 20 minutes at 180C, then turn the oven down to 150C and bake for a further 40 minutes.

  9. After 1 hour remove from the oven leave to cool. (The rusks should already be quite hard by now. If they are still soft, I turn the oven off and put them back inside so they can cook and harden further as the oven cools down).

  10. Enjoy with a hot cup of coffee or rooibos tea.

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